Current Connection #1 ED253 – Ayanna Lyons

Ayanna Lyons

Dr. Shutkin

ED 251- Current Connection #1

February 09, 2022

The selected reading is called Education In The Progressive Period 1890s-1920s. There were multiple themes presented throughout the text. One of the themes is the idea of progressivism. But first what is Progressivism? Progressivism is the notion that education should be focused on children rather than specific content. Progressive people believe that learning how to learn is more important than learning a set of specific facts. Progressivism influences education in many different ways. Such as it establishes important skills when pursuing a career, it involves learning your own interest or relevant ideas that is important and it develops the theory that children learn best by actions. There are many different philosophers in the progressive era that were discussed in the selected reading. First, there was John Locke who believed that learning relevant knowledge will help to survive in the real world. Also, he had the notion of tabula rasa. Next, there was G. Stanley Hall who believed that teachers should measure their students based on what they already know. He believed that when new knowledge is linked to previous knowledge then it will effectively help the students learn more. Then, it was Francis W. Parker who believed that the individuality of the student is very important. He thinks that focusing on the individuality of the student, allows students to participate in the curriculum building process. After, there was William James who believed that the absolute truth is not found through real-life events. He believed that truth is found through acting out ideas rather than the ideas themselves. Finally, there was John Dewey who believed that people’s view of the world and the way the world works is based on their own opinions or their own personal experiences rather than the experiences of others that they may face. Additionally, there were extracurriculars and noncurricular activities incorporated into the curriculum during the progressive era. The purpose of these activities was to reinforce classroom instruction. The activities that generated the most attention were the academic competitions. Later on, sports activities came along as entertainment as well. However, sports like football were seen as “barbaric” and soon became deadly. Furthermore, to increase the deeper entrainment in the fabric of the community, vocational classes played an important role during this time. This assigned reading uses reference evidence because when they talked about G. Stanley Hall mentioned his book The Contents of Children’s Minds in which increases the speaker’s credibility. Also, there were other references to other books that were mentioned in the assigned reading. There was a political perspective of the assigned reading because it states, “Particularly with the ever-increasing immigration and newly freed former slaves, there was a huge need to “Americanize” a wide variety of students; the burden of this was, of course, placed heavily on the schools” (In The Progressive Period 1890s-1920s, What Were The Sources and Purposes Of Education, pg 13). This relates to the political perspective because trying to Americanize someone is a political motive. The text says, “Apparently, any time there is a socio-political crisis of any sort in the United States, rather than address the crisis via legislation or social measures, we place the burden on our schools to fix things” (In The Progressive Period 1890s-1920s, What Are The Educational Legacies Of The Period, pg 16). Additionally, there could be an argument that there was a cultural perspective of the assigned reading because it states, “Particularly with the economic depression of 1893–1897, schools were tapped to help the nation’s economy by keeping students out of the workplace (to encourage adult employment)” (In The Progressive Period 1890s-1920s, What Were The Sources and Purposes Of Education, pg 14). During this time of the depression, there was heavy segregation arising in schools in particular rural areas. The specific part in the assigned reading that I focused on is the vocational education that was established from the Smith Hughes Act. Also, the current article that I decided to focus on is called Uttarakhand education dept to soon start 250 vocational courses in 200 schools by Roy Suparna, This article discusses how schools in India are implementing vocational classes into their learning. It talks about how certain school districts wanted certain vocational classes. For example, schools with more girls wanted beauty and wellness classes and other schools wanted agriculture while some wanted engineering and automobiles. This article relates to the specific section in the assigned reading because it shows how vocational education is not only offered in the United States but is also offered in India. Additionally, showing how children from other places besides the United States want to take advantage of the opportunities that vocational education has to offer.

(APA & MLA format below)


Roy, S. (2020, July 5). Uttarakhand education dept to soon start 250 vocational courses in 200 schools. Hindustan Times.

Works Cited

Roy, Suparna. “Uttarakhand Education Dept to Soon Start 250 Vocational Courses in 200 Schools.” Hindustan Times, 5 July 2020. EBSCOhost,

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